Blog 10 (390)

Concerning the issue of junk food, people hold different views. Many people feel that there are plenty of disadvantages to selling junk food to children, just like cigarettes or alcohol, and it should be prohibited. This blog will elaborate on the reasons why junk food should not be sold to children.

In the light of the fact that junk food can be a major threat that kills many people, a study at the Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington provided the facts and numbers of deaths attributable to junk food in 2010 (Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation, 2010):

Diets 678,282
Smoking 465,651
Physical Inactivity 234,022
Alcohol Use 88,587
Drug Use 25,430

Table 1: Death totals by risk (Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation, 2010)

From the table above, people can see that unhealthy food including junk food causes more health issue than smoking, alcohol or even drug use. I believe that many people have a question in their mind: How can this happen? Actually, people, especially children, need enough nutrients (vitamins from fruit, fiber from vegetables, protein from meat, fish, etc.) to exist and develop. Meanwhile, fast food just has high-calorie content and low nutrient value (Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation, 2010). Therefore, the nutrient imbalance makes them susceptible to disease, and even death.

For children, junk food has more serious effects both psychologically and physically (Kerkar, 2017).


(ePainassist, n.d.)

First and foremost, children can become addicted to eating more fast food because of its delicious taste. As a consequence, with extremely high sugar content, saturated fats, and fewer vitamins, fiber, this kind of food can make children obese, and even increase the risk of developing high cholesterol and heart problems at a young age. Secondly, they can suffer from digestive problems, e.g. oil used for food can make the stomach increase the production of acid, causing stomachache. Last but not least, obese children tend to have lower self-esteem than others, and therefore they do not have good communication skills to solve their problem. Moreover, obese children often have low concentration when studying, and therefore do not do well at school. Unfortunately, today, more and more children choose fast food instead of healthy food and ignore the warning of fast food’s harms.

For the above reasons, it can be concluded that junk food is dangerous for children. Thus, it is highly recommended that the Government should take action to limit selling junk food to children, which protect next generation’s health.



EPainassist. (n.d.). Effects of Junk Food on your Child. [Digital image]. Retrieved March 29, 2018, from

Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation. (2010). The State of US Health, 1990-2010: Burden of Diseases, Injuries and Risk Factors. Washington: Journal of the American Medical Association.

Kerkar, P. (2017, July 7). Effects of Junk Food on your Child. Retrieved March 28, 2018, from Pain Assist:



Blog 9 (250)

In my opinion, money isn’t the biggest motivator for people in the workplace. I don’t deny that money is important. It has the power to help me sustain life.  I need money for my health, my hobbies, my living expenses, etc. I expect a salary every month and I’m willing to do the job for a satisfactory salary. However, I don’t consider it the first choice in my work.

If you were to ask me about the most important thing in a job, my answer would be the passion. I want to do my favorite job every single day. It makes my life happier and more meaningful.  I feel very optimistic when I wake up every morning, being ready to do my work. Obviously, with the passion, I can be full of energy to do my best and finish the job quickly and accurately. My second consideration is the working environment. I’m really happy with my current job although it doesn’t have a very high salary in comparison to other jobs I applied for. I chose that job due to the friendly supervisor and colleagues. They always teach me everything I need to progress each day. Moreover, the supervisor understood my situation and accepted my flexible work time. Therefore, I arranged a timetable to easily balance my life.

For me, these are the biggest motivators in the workplace. If it includes a high salary, it’s awesome. If not, that can’t make me stop working in my chosen job!


Blog 8 – Week 9 (280)

This is my story about me when I was persuaded by my friend.

Honestly, I got a lot of trouble in studying because I have been a foreign student for 3 months. There were many things to learn and adapt to the new environment with the new culture, new educational system. Especially, I’m very weak in group discussions and in communications, and therefore I didn’t talk much to people around, e.g. my classmate, my neighbors… As a consequence, I wasted much time to study and remember the knowledge, however, my study result wasn’t good.

At that time, my roommate, Viet Anh, suggested about group study. He spent the whole night to list down the advantages and disadvantages of that kind study. He told that we can learn together, add missing knowledge for each other. He took himself as an example to prove what he said because he did it when he studied in high school. When learning with his friends, both him and his friends progressed quickly. Moreover, he also was enthusiastic in searching the information on the internet to find several methods for group study.

With the vivid example and logic arguments, I was persuaded immediately. I was excited and interested in finding the new effective way of learning. Then he and I made weekly timetable depending on the spare time of each person. I believe that we will be the success due to that his strengths can help me eliminate my weaknesses and my strengths also make him progress.

After being persuaded, I think Viet Anh is good at persuasion. He talks confidently and gives reasonable ideas to make others follow him. I hope I can learn that strength from him.


Blog 7 (215)

Part 1:

Indian Point Provincial Park description:

  • There was the huge munber number of coniferous trees. The air temperature was 2C whereas the 90% of the sky was covered with clouds.
  • Though, it was silent but 2-3 times, we heard the roaring of deer, chirping of some birds.
  • There were trees all around and trees were green. It was full of snow. There was huge number of moss which is considered to be the organic debris.
  • There were 2-3 monkeys that we say as well the tracks of deer and monkey was found.
  • We were not able to see the soil as it was covered with snow but as the tutor told us that there was young soil, sedimentry rock and igneous rock


Part 2:

In my opinion, this description is quite easy to understand. I know that writers often use simple words to write quickly, and therefore this still has some mistakes. However, I think this is acceptable to record everything in difficult condition with very windy and snowy weather.

This description provides some required information that helps me imagine a part of Indian Point Provincial Park. Actually, described information may be accurate, e.g. this park is the coniferous forest. The park had many track and scat of many species, but it was difficult to see them in the morning. Hence, after seeing those tracks, students can guest type of animal, but no one can ensure that information is right or not.

However, this still has unnecessary information when writers describe tree 2 times. I think they can take out tree information in the 1st paragraph. They also should write more about their feeling about what they saw or stepped on. Sometimes, they walked on soil which gave them information about understory vegetation, type of soil, etc… Besides, I think the important thing is that they should check what they write again. I know the limited time and hard circumstance are the challenges with them, but their partner should re-check to limit mistaken words as well as wrong data.

Blog 6 (284)


BirdLife International. (2017). Melanerpes erythrocephalus (amended version of assessment). Retrieved February 23, 2018, from The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017:

That is information of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species 2017 (BirdLife International, 2017).

Base on evaluation criteria for Evaluating Information – Applying the CRAAP Test: currency, relevance, authority, accuracy, and purpose, I believe the source of The IUCN is a reliable source.

Firstly, due to the nature of the organization, all the data listed on ICUN website is current and accurate. It is an open source of information for the public to access with the intention of educating and raising awareness. That website gives general information about features of the red-headed woodpecker, and therefore everybody, e.g. researchers, students, even amateur bird-watchers, can recognize that bird easily by legible information. Besides, that information also makes readers understand about habitat as well as factors threatening the woodpecker’s life.

Secondly, that data provided on the website is credible and persuasive. That is, information and evidence are cited detailly from scientific articles and research, etc., especially, bird illustration images are from the sources like Search BirdLife International for this species, Search NatureServe Explorer for this species (North America), Search the Encyclopedia of Life for further information about this species.

Last but not least, this article was amended and published in 2017, and therefore readers can access the latest data about the red-headed woodpecker. Moreover, this article is contributed by many famous authors in nature conservation field and is censored strictly by the BirdLife International of the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Overall, it is thanks to a useful information source that I can build a part of my profile about the red-headed woodpecker, e.g. scientific name, identifying characteristics, habitat, and causes of the decrease in the quantity of that bird.

Blog 5 (258)

This is profile of red-headed woodpecker on the website, Ontario Nature Magazine:

That website, which is accessible, provides knowledge about wild species for public education and interest. The listed profile of the woodpecker is understandable and memorable. People whose interested in woodpeckers, including researchers or students, etc., can comment and share their knowledge about bird sightings to build the profile.

The profile was written by Tim Tiner, who is the author of several nature guide books and a longtime contributor to Ontario Nature. He is a prestigious person in the field of nature, especially in wildlife and unusual animal. Therefore, the information provided is a credible source. Although he has published the profile in spring 2009 and has not been updated since, his document is still popular within the “woodpecker researchers” community due to its resourceful contents.

That profile of the red-headed woodpecker gives an overall picture about the woodpecker e.g. their scientific name, length, weight, age, identifying features and habitat. That data provided in detail where people can imagine about shape and size of one red-headed woodpecker in each different maturation period. Moreover, they also know locations where woodpeckers live and migrate, remaining quantity of those as well as find plenty of reasons why those birds become scarce gradually in Canada, especially Ontario. This would help people to understand more about this rare species and therefore, raise awareness in the community to identify and protect it.

Overall, profiling is necessary to control and protect endangered species and therefore, maintaining biodiversity of Canada and in the world

Blog 4 (249)

It is obvious that wildlife is a very valuable natural resource.  It contributes in creating a balanced ecological system. However, the number of species is decreasing rapidly due to a variety of factors. It is estimated that 237 species are endangered in Ontario, Canada. (Species at risk in Ontario, 2018) So, it is important to create profiles and inventories of species. This can play an important role in managing and protecting species. Scientists and conservationists gather information on a variety of species. They can conduct research into these species which provides data on their abundance, characteristics and mannerisms. They can also do research into how these animals can be beneficial to humans including uses in medicine.  The lists can also be used to manage endangered species to maintain their numbers and protect them.

What we are doing is not enough to stop the disappearance of species. A major problem is consciousness of people. We need to enhance awareness. For example, the use of mass media is an effective method to help people, especially children, understand more about wildlife.  Increasing punishments for poaching, smuggling, or habitat destruction can act as a deterrent for those who intend to commit a crime. Furthermore, a main reason mentioned in “After long wait, 11 new names added to Canada’s list of species at risk” is climate change, which leads to global warming. (Semeniuk, 2016) Therefore, we should work together to solve environmental problems like focusing on sustainable development in the economy, society and environment.


Semeniuk, I. (2016). After long wait, 11 new names added to Canada’s list of species at risk. Toronto: The Globe and Mail. Retrieved from

Species at risk in Ontario. (2018, January 30). Retrieved from Ontario: