Discourse Community Analysis

Draft 2

To:         Hanna Nguyen

From:     Phuong Linh Luu

Date:      22/05/2018

Re:         The Discourse Community of Bird Ecology and Conservation Ontario



I am writing this report to provide needed information for becoming a member of the discourse community of Bird Ecology and Conservation Ontario (BECO). I will provide background information about this community, some research and analysis of how they are a discourse community and recommend on how can successfully enter this career field.


BECO, a non-profit organization, uses ecological research to improve the conservation of birds in Ontario. With unknown reason of bird population decrease leading that some species threaten to be extinct, BECO wants to handle key knowledge gaps to contribute essential information for the conservation of wild bird populations and their habitats (Beco, 2018).

If you want to become a bird conserver, you need to satisfy some requirements such as being strongly interested in avian ecology and wildlife conservation, working comfortably in early mornings or in demanding field conditions (variable weather, or biting insects), being good at computer, map, compass, and GIS. Especially, you will be preferred if you have the ability to identify the majority of bird species in southern Ontario by sight and sound, with experience in counting and monitoring the nest of birds.

Besides, you have to acquire some transferable skills like working well both independent and in a team environment, good time management and solving the problems that help you work effectively, and completed post-secondary education in wildlife ecology or a related discipline. If you learn in the Environmental Technician program at Frost Campus, Fleming College, you should be prepared to be good and confident at these skills.

Research and Analysis

According to Swales, there are five of six characteristics of a discourse community that apply to the Bird Ecology and Conservation community. These specific ones can be sharing goals, interacting with people in groups and experts, communicating in a particular way, sharing expectation about the appropriate way for communication, and differentiating experience levels, from newcomer to highly experienced (COMM202, 2018).

Like the goals of other environmental groups, the goal of a conservation officer is also protecting the natural resources and the public’s safety. Therefore, in their main goal, they want to enhance the result of conservation’s activities, contributing to maintaining and recovering threatened species (Beco, 2018). In order to work accurately, identifying bird skills is the necessary key that any technician needs to have. For this reason, learning well the Ecosystem Skills course offered by Fleming College is one of the good ways that help an individual become confident to be successful because this course can provide foundation knowledge to identify a lot of type of birds in Ontario for this position.

To complete their work, people in this community not only do the independent and individual task but also work in the team. Like-minded people are the ones they look forward to finding. Then, the former conservers will share the experiences as well as listen to new member’s ideas for succeeding the goals. Moreover, some professionals can lead and monitor the beginners due to the fact that they have experience in this field for a long time. That is, they will indicate the novices some tips to identify special bird’s sounds that help the new ones work easily. This is good chance for the starters to get useful information for their future career. Furthermore, this organization also has a website that allows anybody to sign in and obtain or follow the information of several community’s projects, even sending emails to contribute the proper ways to develop this community.

More interestingly, Bird Ecology and Conservation Ontario organization often have helpful trips to gain the new understanding as well as learn how to advance the conservation skills.

Conclusions and Recommendations

Bird Ecology and Conservation Ontario is a community that gives opportunities for anybody who want to work in the environmental field because they can learn many skills and get a lot experience.

In my opinion, there are three important steps for a newcomer to become a successful member of this community:

  • Look into a school program such as Environmental Technician or Bird and Wildlife that offered at Frost Campus of Fleming College.
  • Be willing to work in any situation (in the early morning and variable weather, etc.)
  • Have the ability to work independently and as a member of a teamwork skills to complete work in the proper way
  • Never stop learning and working hard.


Beco. (2018). Bird Ecology and Conservation Ontario. Retrieved from Beco: https://www.beco-birds.org/

COMM202-Communication II. (2018). Week 2 Online. Retrieved from Fleming College: https://fleming.desire2learn.com/d2l/le/content/86024/viewContent/955176/View


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